Visit Queen Victoria Market, the Southern Hemisphere’s Largest Open-Air Market at Melbourne!

This market is situated on the ideal location of corner of Victoria and Elizabeth Streets in the Melbourne CBD. It offers a variety of fresh farm produce and, on Sundays, a wider range of merchant items. These offerings turn it into a modern Arabian Nights bazaar. It is a historic land mark dating back to 120 years. The friendly competition between stallholders and customers give this place Old World charm and the addictive power since last many years. Queen Victoria Market is said to draw millions of visitors including both locals and those taking flights to Melbourne. This market has been used for different purposes in past e.g. at different times in the past it has been a cemetery, a livestock market and a place to sell fruit and veggies wholesale.

One can find every this here as it exhibits more than 1000 stalls, most of which set up outdoors under tin roofs with iron gables. It has been listed on the Victorian Heritage Register for its significance to Melbourne’s culture and heritage. Those taking cheap flights to Melbourne love to come to this take keen interest in knowing about this place as well as buying there. With its unique charm and friendly visitors you will soon discover that how it is stood the test of time of over 120 years. The market is divided into sections e.g. fruit and vegetable vendor’s stalls and general merchandise. By taking your cheap Melbourne flights you will come to know that this market is popular for the shopping of fresh food items as about half the market area is dedicated to fresh produce including deli products, fresh fruits, seafood, vegetables, chicken and meat.

The sections are categorized into the F Shed laneway, The Meet Hall, Deli Hall, Elizabeth Street Shops, Fruit and Vegetables, the Vic Market Place Food Court, General Merchandise, Organic Produce, The Wine Market and the Victoria Street Shops for the convenience of both locals and those getting into this place taking Melbourne flights. Queen Victoria is not just a historical building it is much more than a historical land mark. Well it is a center for trade and commerce, as well as a popular venue for visitors. This well segmented shopping place is a dream site for food lovers. The market is open on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 6 am to 2 pm, on Fridays 6 am to 6 pm, on Saturdays 6 am to 3 pm, and on Sundays 9 am to 4 pm. If some one is taking cheap flights to Melbourne from UK or any other place and only have time to visit one place in Melbourne, then it should be the Queen Victoria Market.

Three Types Of Livestock That Can Be Raised By Beginner Farmers

When people move from the city life to live in the country side they get interested in raising livestock. The reasons may vary as to why people want to raise livestock, some people raise them as pets and some raise them because they want to make some money by selling the livestock produce.

What ever reason may be, raising livestock can be done by almost anyone who is dedicated to being a livestock farmer and someone who is willing to put aside a lot of his time in managing and taking care of their livestock. In order to raise healthy livestock you have to give the animals proper care such as feeding them nutritious food plus clean water on daily bases, building them some good shelter and have them checked by a veterinarian for health issues.

There are various types of livestock you may want to raise as a beginner livestock farmer. Some of them need more care than others and maybe suitable for new farmers to raise. Three types of livestock that are suitable for beginner livestock farmers are goats, cattle and sheep. Below are more details on how you can go about raising them.

Raising Cattle:

A lot of farmers start by raising cattle in their farm ranch. Cattle are a stress free livestock to raise when taking good care of. Their produce such as milk and meat is in high demand in the markets for its nutritious benefits. When you own cattle you will be able provide your family with fresh milk on daily bases and save lots of money in buying milk.

When starting out in raising cattle you have to first choose the kind of breed you want to raise. There are over 800 types of breeds which are in 3 different categories known as the zebus, the hybrids and taurine cattle. Some types of breeds are good for the production of milk whilst others are suitable for meat production.

When raising different types of cattle a farmer should install stalls that separate those that eat grass and hay to those that eat sophisticated feeds.

Since cattle are grazing animals you have to have some large piece of land if you want to raise them. The land in which they graze on has to be well fenced so secure the livestock. For the fence you can either use electrical wiring or use a wood and steel fence. You should also prepare some equipment needed to raise cattle such as pails, water containers and feeding beds.

Although cattle don’t require some sort of roofed shelter that doesn’t mean you can’t build one. A roofed shelter will also help you in storing your livestock equipment and can be used to milk your cows.

Raising Goats:

Goats are another type of livestock that can be raised by a beginner farmer and they are less prone to diseases than cattle. They can also be raised for the production of milk and meat which high in demand and cost more than cattle produce.

When starting out raising goats you have to first make up your mind on what type of goat breed you want to raise. The type of breed depends on the end product you want to produce from your goats, you can either raise goats for the production of fiber, tasty meat and milk that is high in nutrients.

Once you have made up your mind on the type of goat you want to raise you have to decide on the number of goats you are planning on raising. Knowing the number of goats you are planning on raising will help you estimate how large your land should be. One thing to note is that goats reproduce almost every year so the land should be large enough to accommodate the growth of your herd.

Goats also need some shelter to rest at the end of the day. The shelter should be large enough for all your livestock to fit in properly without being over crowded. The shelter should be comfortable so that they can sleep at night and protect them from harsh weather such as too much sunlight, rain and snow. Don’t forget to fence the entire grazing land so that predators don’t attack and kill your herd.

Raising Sheep:

Raising sheep is very interesting and rewarding as raising cattle and goats. These type of livestock can be raised for various reasons such as producing quality wool, producing cheese from its prolific milk and the obvious tender meat. These produce can also be sold since they are in high demand.

Sheep are animals that like grazing the field. If you want to raise healthy sheep then you have to have some large land of green grass for the livestock to graze on. Although feeding your sheep grain supplements plays a big part in their diet, grass fed sheep produce a higher nutritional value produce. Since sheep like grazing in a large group as a livestock farmer it can be daunting to manage them on the field so it would be wise to have a helper dog to assist you.

An essential part of raising sheep is keeping them within their confines, this helps them in not getting lost in the wild and end of being eaten by wild animals such as bobcats, bears and wild dogs. At the same time it helps in keeping these predators out of the grazing area. Using an electrified fence can help a lot and its easy to install as well.

In order to ward off natural elements that can be harmful to your livestock you have to invest some money in building good housing for your sheep. When designing the house make sure you build a chute to manage the sheep when you need to make some checkups on each and everyone of them or when vaccinating them.

As you see raising livestock can be done by almost anyone even if you don’t have any past experience or were not raised in a farm ranch. Just like any other type of pet they need to be taken care for and make sure they leave in comfortable conditions.

When starting out its best to first start with raising one type of livestock then move on to another type when you have gotten the experience from your first set of livestock.

The Importance of Marking Livestock

The branding of livestock dates back to ancient Egyptian and Roman civilisations, and has long been used as a method for identifying ownership of animals kept in open-grazing environments. In many western states of the United States brands must still be registered, and form the primary method of determining livestock ownership. However, marking livestock is no longer limited to branding, with modern techniques such as ear marking, visual ear tagging, RFID ear tagging and rumen boluses (ceramic capsules administered orally to cattle) performing a similar role.

Although techniques may have changed, the primary purpose of marking livestock remains a method for identification. As systems have developed, the uses of identification have extended beyond ownership disputes. In Australia, ear tagging and marking now form the basis of the National Livestock Identification System (NLIS), the system used for tracing cattle, sheep and goats for biosecurity, food safety, product integrity and market access purposes. Similar systems exist in other countries, such as the National Animal Identification System in the United States, the British Cattle Movement Service, and the National Animal Identification and Tracing system being developed in New Zealand.

Under the NLIS, cattle must be marked with an ear tag or a combination of a rumen bolus and visual ear tag. Sheep and goats are marked with a visual ear tag or an RFID ear tag. Branding of livestock is also included within the NLIS in Western Australia, and the requirement for ear marking varies by state. It is intended to ensure the safety and quality of meat by tracking livestock from birth to slaughter. For example, all cattle treated with a hormonal growth implant must be permanently identified with a triangular ear mark in the middle of the right ear. Furthermore, marking livestock in this way allows for a database of animal residency and interaction with other animals to be kept. This aids in disease identification and management, and can help prevent widespread outbreaks.

In addition to differentiation of livestock between farms, forms of livestock marking are important to differentiate livestock within farms. Numbering systems using neck chains, nose printing, tattooing and electronic systems are common for identifying individual animals within a farm. This may be required to keep track of the age of animals, and also assists in identification in sale rings or during exhibiting shows.

Branding remains particularly important for identifying breeds of horses, such as Thoroughbreds, Stock Horses and Arabians. It is required by regulations in Australia, New Zealand and the United States, among other countries. Branding of horses is usually performed by freeze branding, altering the pigment of the hair.

Livestock branding and marking has evolved from a simple system for identifying ownership to a complex RFID and electronic-based tracking. While ownership is still an important part of livestock marking, new technology has significantly extended its usefulness. It is now a vital part of strategies developed to ensure the quality and safety of meat, and to prevent the spread of disease.