Why Livestock Farmers Raise Pigs and Sheep for Profits

Being a profitable livestock farmer is all about choosing the right type of livestock to raise. Two of the most popular livestock raised by farmers is pigs and sheep. They are easy to maintain and their produce is high in demand. But in order to be successful in raising these animals you have to know to take care of them.

Below are some guidelines on how you too can get started in raising these type of livestock and avoid costly mistakes that a lot of beginner livestock farmers make.

Pigs:

Pigs are raised for various reasons, some raise pigs as pets whilst others raise pigs to make some money out of them. Its no doubt that pigs products are high in demand. But in order to raise healthy pigs you have to care for them using mostly natural materials of its nutrition. When raising pigs the natural way you are helping the pigs to be able to fight known diseases.

Pig meat is a valuable product that is a common food for a lot of people around the world. As a pig farmer you can tap into this market by producing your own pigs for meat. To do this you have to feed your pigs with pesticide-free foods and mix them with household scraps. You should also bath them every once in a while to eliminate any bacteria that may be forming.

You can also mate your pigs if you have sets of males and females. Mating them will help in producing a mixture of pigs breeds that can be sold at auctions to other farmers.

Sheep:

Raising sheep has some advantages to raising pigs. You can raise them for various kinds of products such as meat, milk and wool. But when getting started in raising sheep it is important that you choose the type of breed you want to raise. There are breeds that are good for producing milk, meat and wool.

The first thing you have to do when raising sheep is to prepare a house for them to live in. A traditional barn is commonly used. You can also use a hoop house which is much cheaper. The house will protect your sheep from extreme weather conditions.

The next thing to do when raising sheep for profits is to invest in feeders which will make is easier to feed your sheep. Feeders will help prevent parasites from developing by promoting efficient feeding. Also invest in hay and mineral feeders which play a major role in providing nutrients to your sheep.

Livestock Hauling For Specialized Truckers

When most people think of livestock transport they imagine those huge, smelly trailers driving down the road full of cattle, often also full of manure, that are so common on the highways and byways of rural America. While this is one type of livestock hauling, there are other options to consider as well.

Traditional or typical livestock hauling is more than just a driving a truck. You will be responsible for assisting with loading and unloading and also making sure that animals are not overcrowded in the truck. When in the truck on the road you have to keep the weather conditions in mind as very hot and very cold conditions can obviously lead to serious health issues for the load. Cattle arriving dead or in poor condition at delivery is not only inhuman but also a very negative strike against you with the customer. Packing plants and auctions will only accept live animals, which leaves you having to dispose of a carcass once you get it off your truck.

Livestock hauling also means long hours, often early in the morning, to be at the farm, feedlot or auction to load or unload. This may mean loading in the dark to be at the auction, packing plant or abattoir to unload as soon as the business opens. While this is not always the case, trucking in the livestock industry usually means shorter runs for slaughter bound cattle.

But, there are a lot of different livestock hauling options out there other than just hauling cattle for slaughter or short transport. Tapping into these markets and finding your specialization can create a very unique target market with very limited competition. In these specialized types of businesses your name and your personal reputation as a safe, efficient and humane hauler can propel you to the top of the list of truckers within that industry.

Hauling Horses

Unless you were raised in and around the “horsey” community you may not realize just how many larger breeding, showing and competitive haulers there are out there. These rigs are not at all like traditional livestock hauling and include transporting horse trailers that may hold as many as 15 plus horses. These trailers will use a standard trailer hookup and may be complete with temperature control, storage compartments and rear and side loading ramps.

Hauling horses requires a keen ability to work with both the animals and the owners. These horses are typically competitive or show animals and, considering their value, may be one of the most significant loads you could imagine hauling. As the trucker you will need to check the horses on a regular basis, provide feed and water, and, depending on the contract, you may be required to stop, unload, rest and reload the horses.

For this type of specialized livestock hauling it is essential to know about horses and to have experience in hauling these animals. They do move and cause the trailer to shift, which will require top driving skills.

Often these customers are very particular about their horses. Any sign of stress or distress, an animal that was injured in the trailer, or any type of concern about your ability to care for the animals and keep them safe will impact your ability to market your services. On the flip side, a highly recommended driver will find there are always loads of horses to take to show, race and competitions both nationally and internationally. Once established drivers in this specialized livestock hauling niche are rarely left without all the work they want.

Hauling Show and Purebred Cattle, Goats and Pigs

Like show horses and competitive horses, show cattle and purebred cattle for breeding programs are not moved in the same types of trucks that cattle for slaughter or basic transport are hauled in. These elite of the bovine world travel in modified horse trailers or in semi or fully closed stock trailers.

This type of hauling is in highest demand during the rodeo and show season. In most areas of the United States and Canada this is during the summer and fall months, but in various areas it may be year round. Breeding stock, which may include bulls or cows, typically is steady year round with the heaviest workload in the spring, summer and fall.

Larger breeders of goats and pigs may also require a commercial trucker for hauling show animals or breeding stock. This is not as common as cattle and horses, but also requires a much smaller trailer. These hauls can be short distance hauls or can be cross-country trips. Feeding, watering and checking the pigs and goats will be included as part of your tasks as the driver.

Overall Considerations

Hauling livestock requires hard work, a willingness to help in handling the animals, and an understanding of animal health and safety issues. Keeping equipment clean and disinfected, staying on schedule and ensuring top of the line service to each and every customer will certainly go a long way in this very specialized part of the trucking industry.

Livestock Sector In India – Recent Trends And Progress

Introduction

Livestock sector includes animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries sector are considerable major sectors. It plays an important role in the national economy and in the socio-economic development of the country. It also plays important role in the rural economy as supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector, particularly among the landless labourers, small and marginal farmers and women’s.

Since India’s independence, it has experienced considerable economic growth and structural change; a trend accelerated by its structural reforms which began in 1991. These changes are also reflected in trends in its livestock sector which has shown considerable growth in recent decades especially since the late 1990s. There have also been major changes in the production of the Indian livestock sector.

Population of Livestock and Its Importance

According to 17th censes of the livestock, their existing population is 485002. It is increasing day by day due to its importance as an alternative source of income and food also. The importance of livestock in India goes beyond the function of food production. It is an important source of draught power, manure for crop production and fuel for domestic use. Thus, by minimizing use of nonrenewable energy, livestock make a positive contribution to the economic development. Livestock sector is an important source of income for the farmers and rural poor peoples. The growth in the livestock subsector is expected to contribute to poverty alleviation, as the livestock elements are largely concentrated among the marginal and small farmers in rural areas. Near about 70% of livestock market in India is owned by 67% of small and marginal farmers and by the land less. Livestock are an important source of income for the rural poor also. This sector contributed important share in export of Indian international trade. Recently the livestock subsector playing very important role in poverty alleviation in rural area. The livestock sector contributed over 5.26 per cent to the total GDP during 2006-07. According to estimates of the Central Statistical Organization (CSO), the value of output from livestock and fisheries sectors together at current prices was about Rs.2,82,779 crore during 2007-08 which is about 31.6 per cent of the value of the output of Rs.8,94,420 crore from agriculture & allied Sector.

Production of Milk

India continues to be the largest producer of milk in the world and India produced 13.1 per cent of the total milk produced in the world. Hence, India has attained the first rank in milk production in the world. At present the first five countries in the world producing maximum milk are India, USA, Russia, Germany and France. At the beginning production of milk was only 17 million tonnes (MT) in 1950-51 in India. Now it is increased to 104.8 million tonnes in 2007-08. World milk production is estimated at 693 million tonnes during 2007-08 and Indian milk production stands at 104.8 million tonnes. Despite a higher growth rate, the per capita availability of milk in India is 252 grams per day is lower than the world average 265 grams per day.

This has not only placed the country on top in the world, but also represents sustained growth in the availability of milk and milk products for the growing population of the country. Concentrated dairy products such as skimmed milk continues to be the largest item of export, which together accounts for nearly 78% of net milk and milk product exports during 2007-08.

Poultry and Egg

Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector in India today. Their growth rate has been rising at 8 to 10 percent per annum. As a result, India is now the world’s fifth largest egg producer and the eighteenth largest producer of broilers. Table eggs and broiler meat are the major end products of the poultry sector in India. The organized sector of poultry industry is contributing nearly 70% of the total output and the rest 30% in the unorganized sector in India. The Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra producing nearly 70% of the country’s egg production. Presently production of eggs is estimated to number about 37 billion, that of broilers 895 million, and that of poultry meat 735,000 tonnes. Egg production has increased from 21 billion in 1990-91 to 51 billion numbers in 2006-07 and 53.5 billion numbers in 2008. India ranks fifth in the world with annual egg production of 1.61 million tones. Poultry exports are mostly to Maldives and Oman. Indian poultry meat products have good markets in Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore.

Fish Production

India has a about 8041 km of coastline, and about 5.70 million ha of fresh water area suitable for fisheries production. Fishing, aquaculture and allied activities are reported to have provided livelihood to over 14 million persons in 2006-07. In 2001 overall fish production was 5666 thousand tonnes it gradually increasing continuously. At present, India’s total fish production is about 76.21 thousand tonnes.

This sector has great potential to export their fish and fish product also. Since 1991, overall export of fish is raised at considerable rate. According to the data provided by ministry of agriculture and commerce of India, there export of fish and fish product increased from last ten years. In 1991 India has exported 140 thousand tonnes of fish and fish products but till it reached to 541 thousands tonnes its money value is Rs. 7621 crore in 2008.

Meat and Meat Products

The meat products industry in India is largely in the un-organized sector. With rapid urbanization, higher income levels and changes in lifestyle, market for scientifically produced and hygienically packed meat and meat products are expanding rapidly. Today, the increasing demand of the meat and meat products for in domestic and foreign market, particularly to the Gulf and West Asia and neighboring countries. In 2003 India had a livestock population of 470 million that included 205 million cattle and 90 million buffaloes. Cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goat, pigs and poultry are the types of animals, which are generally used for production of meat.

There is a huge scope for expanding exports, especially in buffalo and poultry meat, eggs and dairy products. Slaughter rate for cattle as a whole is 20%, for buffaloes it is 41%, pigs 99%, sheep 30% and 40% for goats. The country has 3,600 slaughterhouses, 9 modern abattoirs and 171 meat-processing units licensed under the meat products order. The production of meat has increased 1.9 million tonnes to 23 million tonnes from 2001 to 2007.

In meat and meat processing sector, poultry meat is the fastest growing animal protein in India. The estimated production of meat was 6.5 million tonnes during 2007-08. Per capita consumption increased from 870 grams in 2000 and expected to reach 2 Kg during 2009. According to APEDA, the export of buffalo meat was increased from 343817.08 tonnes (value Rs 1536.77crore) in 2003-04, to 483478 tonnes (Rs.3549.70 crore) in 2007-08. The export of sheep/goat meat is increased from 16820.53 tonnes (Rs 110.39 crore) in 2003-04 to 8908 tonnes (Rs.134.09 crore) in 2007-08. The processed meat export was 986.13 tonnes (Rs 7.63 crore) in 2003-04 and now it is 1245 tonnes (value Rs 12.96 crore). The export of poultry products was 415228.17 tonnes (Rs 202.40 crore) in 2003-04 it is also increased near about 1355246 tonnes (Rs 401.08 crore) in 2007-08.

Benefits of Livestock Sector Developments in India

Animal Husbandry sector provides large self-employment opportunities. Presuming that one family member is employed in looking after the livestock, 25 million people are estimated to be employed with the livestock rearing activity. This sector is playing very important role in the rural economy as support sector of the economy. Especially 70 million rural households primarily, small and marginal farmers and landless labourers in the country are getting employment opportunities in dairy. Dairying has become an important secondary source of income for millions of rural families.

Poultry is also another way of getting food and food security in India. Apart from food security it has provides employment to about 1.5 million people. Livestock Sector not only provides essential protein and nutritious human diet through milk, eggs, meat etc but also plays an important role in utilization of non-edible agricultural by-products. Livestock also provides raw material/by products such as hides and skins, blood, bone, fat etc.

This provides subsidiary occupation to a large section of the society particularly to the people living in the drought prone, hilly, tribal and other remote areas where crop production on its own may not be capable of engaging them fully. In the adverse climatic conditions and national calamities like drought, flood etc., animal husbandry practices shall be proved to be boon for sustaining the livelihood of the landless and marginal farmers in the state.

Conclusion

Indian livestock industry makes up for a significant amount of world’s livestock resources. Both the national economy as well as the socio-economic growth of the country is backed by the livestock sector. Besides, offering great potential and outstanding contribution in the agricultural sector over the past years. The livestock sector is performing well in the manner of production, value addition and export of dairy, fishery, wool, poultry and other products. Apart from its performance there are some threats also exist we need to re-correct it and take the global market opportunities.